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14 Green Architecture in Asia

As the world becomes increasingly aware of the importance of sustainability, green architecture has become not only a necessity but a trend.

Green architecture is defined as an approach to design that minimizes the negative environmental impact or development. This can be achieved through various means, such as using sustainable materials, incorporating energy-efficient designs, and maximizing natural light and ventilation.

There are many reasons why green architecture is essential. One of the most important is that it can help reduce our carbon footprint. Buildings account for a significant amount of greenhouse gas emissions, so we can make an ethical and environmental impact by making them more efficient. Green architecture can also help save money on energy costs and improve the health and comfort of occupants by providing better indoor air quality.

Sustainably designed buildings are becoming an increasingly common sight in Asia, with a number of impressive projects having been completed in recent years. Let's dive in and adore these fifteen sustainable architecture in Asia that make other buildings go green with envy.

1. The Auroville Earth Institute (AVEI), India

The Auroville Earth Institute (AVEI) is a non-profit organization specializing in the research, development, promotion and transfer of earth-based building technologies. Over the last 32 years, AVEI has become one of the world’s top centers for excellence in earthen architecture, working in 36 countries to promote and disseminate knowledge in the construction of sustainable habitats.

AVEI was founded in 1984 by the international community of Auroville, India. The first project undertaken by AVEI was the construction of an experimental earth building at the Centre for Scientific Research in Auroville. This was followed by the design and construction of several demonstration buildings at the International Township including a library, a kindergarten, health center, a guest house and office space. In 1988, AVEI started working on projects outside of Auroville, and since then has implemented over 500 project in 36 countries.

AVEI’s work focuses on 4 main programmatic areas: research & development, technical assistance, training & education, and advocacy & policy. One of AVEI’s main objectives is to revive traditional skills and to link vernacular traditions of raw earth construction with modern technologies of stabilised earth. To date, AVEI has constructed over 60 earthen buildings including schools, hospitals, homes, and office spaces. AVEI’s work has been instrumental in changing the perception of earthen architecture from being a primitive building technique to a modern, sustainable solution for the construction of 21st century buildings.

2. Oasia Hotel Downtown, Singapore

As one of the world's greenest hotels, the Oasia Hotel Downtown is wrapped in a natural vine

covered sunscreen to reduce energy cost. The hotel also has four lush sky terraces, 1,793 large planter boxes, and four large structural cores that allow for good cross ventilation.

Designed by world-renowned architect Patricia Urquiola, the 314-room property is also notable for its striking interior design. Whether you're looking to stay in a eco-friendly hotel or simply admire some of the world's most innovative architecture, the Oasia Hotel Downtown is sure to impress.

3. MahaNakhon, Thailand

Bangkok is a city that is constantly growing and expanding. With new buildings and structures being built each day, it can be challenging to create a space that is both comfortable and safe for its inhabitants. The MahaNakhon tower is one such building – with its distinctive ‘pixelated’ design – that was designed with both sustainability and safety in mind. ROCKWOOL stone wool was used in the construction of the MahaNakhon tower to help insulate against Bangkok’s heat and to provide fire protection. With its contribution to sustainability, safety and comfort, ROCKWOOL stone wool is an important part of the unique, modern landscape of Bangkok’s future.

The project was designed by Pritzker Prize-winning architect Ole Scheeren and completed in 2016. Standing at the height of 314 meters, MahaNakhon is the tallest building in Thailand.

4. The Gardens by the Bay

The Gardens by the Bay is one of the main attractions in Singapore and it is praised for its sustainability and design. The gardens feature two conservatories which are the largest climate-controlled greenhouses in the world. There is also a forest of 18 Supertrees. These Supertrees have incorporated technologies such as PVs, cooling channels, and a skin of living flora. The Gardens by the Bay is a great place to see some of the latest green technologies in action.

5. Zaha Hadid Architects' Wangjing SOHO, China

As one of Zaha Hadid Architects' more recent projects, Wangjing SOHO boasts a unique design that helps it stand out in the bustling metropolis of Beijing. The mixed-use development is located between the city center and airport, with the intention of creating an identity for the thriving area that is home to cultural institutions, creative businesses, IT and telecom companies.

While Wangjing SOHO's design is certainly innovative, its environmental performance is just as impressive. The development makes use of high-performance glazing and sun shading, heat recovery and water management systems, and well-insulated curtain walls to help reduce heating and cooling costs. In fact, the building's envelope insulation plays an important role in its LEED environmental certification.

In addition to its environmental credentials, Wangjing SOHO has also been praised for its sleek and futuristic architecture.

6. Dragonfly Forest Resort, Indonesia

Designed by Australian architecture firm Hassell and completed in 2013, Dragonfly Forest Resort is an eco-resort located in Bali, Indonesia. The resort comprises a series of villas set amidst lush tropical vegetation. The resort is eco-friendly, with solar-powered water heaters and natural ventilation features. In addition to its sustainable credentials, the resort is also notable for its chic and contemporary design.

7. The Interlace, Singapore

The Interlace is an award-winning development located in Singapore. The development is located on an elevated eight-hectare site, bounded by Alexandra Road and the Ayer Rajah Expressway, amidst the verdant Southern Ridges of Singapore. With about 170,000m2 of gross floor area, the development will provide 1,040 apartment units of varying sizes with extensive outdoor spaces and landscaping. The site completes a green belt that stretches between Kent Ridge, Telok Blangah Hill and Mount Faber Parks.

The design of The Interlace features communal spaces for shared activity, while maintaining the privacy of individual apartment units through the generous spacing of the building blocks and far-ranging views. The extensive residential amenities and facilities are interwoven into the lush vegetation and offer opportunities for social interaction, leisure, and recreation. The design capitalizes on the generous size of the site and further maximizes the presence of nature by introducing extensive roof gardens, landscaped sky terraces and cascading balconies. Above- ground vehicular circulation is minimized, liberating large green areas within the development. The Interlace incorporates sustainability features through careful environmental analysis of sun, wind, and micro-climate conditions on site and the integration of low-impact passive energy strategies.

8. Taipei 101, Taiwan

Taipei 101, a landmark skyscraper located in the Xinyi District of Taipei, Taiwan, has long been known for its energy efficiency. The tower was originally fitted with several green elements such as double pane low-emissivity glass, a waste recycling program, a greywater system, and a building energy management system. The blue-green glass curtain walls are also double paned and glazed, and offer sufficient heat and UV protection to block external heat by 50%, and can sustain impacts of seven metric tons. Recycled water meets 20-30% of the building's water needs.

In recent years, Taipei 101 has invested in several additional green improvements, including a new lighting system using LED lights, and adjustments and optimizations to the air conditioning systems. These upgrades have helped Taipei 101 maintain its status as the world's tallest green building.

10. W Hotel Bangkok, Thailand

A luxury hotel located in Bangkok, Thailand, the W Hotel Bangkok is notable for its sustainable design features, including a green roof, double-skin facade, and natural ventilation.

The hotel was designed by American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox and completed in 2012. In addition to its environmental credentials, the hotel is also famous for its stylish and contemporary design. The W Hotel Bangkok was named the world's best green hotel in 2013 by Hotelier Indonesia.

11. The Green School, Bali, Indonesia

With sustainability as its core foundation, the Green School, a sustainable masterpiece located in Bali's lush and tropical island, is built using natural materials and renewable energy. It has been awarded 6 green stars by the Australian Building Greenhouse Rating (ABGR) system.

It was designed by an Australian architect Bill Dunster and has been awarded numerous accolades for its sustainability, including the prestigious (and rare) LEED Platinum certification. The green school is powered by solar energy and features rainwater harvesting, natural ventilation, and daylighting. It also uses local materials such as bamboo and incorporates traditional Balinese design principles.

12. InterContinental Danang Sun Peninsula Resort, Danang, Vietnam

The InterContinental Danang Sun Peninsula Resort is one of the most sustainable resorts in Asia. The buildings and architecture were designed with sustainability in mind, and the resort is powered by renewable energy sources.

The resort has been awarded several accolades for its green architecture, including the prestigious LEED Platinum certification. The resort was also named "Best Sustainable Hotel" at the 2017 Asia Pacific Property Awards.

The InterContinental Danang Sun Peninsula Resort is an excellent example of how sustainable architecture can be beautiful and practical. If more businesses and properties followed its lead, we could see a fundamental change in how we approach construction and design. Thanks to the InterContinental Danang Sun Peninsula Resort, sustainable buildings are no longer a dream but a reality.

13. The Westin Miyako, Kyoto, Japan

The Westin Miyako's commitment to sustainability is evident in its many green features. The building uses recycled materials whenever possible and has been designed to minimize its impact on the environment. The Westin Miyako also uses a rainwater harvesting system to collect and reuse rainwater, which helps to reduce the strain on local water resources.

The use of sustainable practices like these has helped Westin Miyako achieve LEED certification, the highest level of sustainability certification available. The Westin Miyako is the first hotel in Japan to receive this certification, and it is clear that the building is setting a new standard for sustainable architecture in Asia. Thanks to its commitment to sustainability, the Westin Miyako is not only environmentally friendly but also economical. Its energy-efficient design allows the building to save on energy costs, and its use of recycled materials helps keep waste levels down.

14. The Mandarin Oriental, Bangkok, Thailand

The Mandarin Oriental, Bangkok, is one of the most sustainable buildings in Asia. The hotel has been designed with energy efficiency and conservation in mind and uses some green features that make it environmentally friendly.

Some of the green features of The Mandarin Oriental, Bangkok include its high-performance glazing, which helps to reduce energy use by keeping heat out in the summer and keeping the heat in during the winter. The building also has a rainwater harvesting system, which recycles water for use in the hotel's gardens and landscape.

In addition to its environmental features, The Mandarin Oriental, Bangkok is also designed to be comfortable and healthy for guests and staff. The building has a high indoor air quality, thanks to features such as air filtration and low-emitting materials. And, with its natural light and views of the city, the hotel is a pleasant place to work or stay.

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